Séminaire CPU_Roland BOUFFANAIS "Design of artificial swarming behaviors"le 09 juillet 2015 de 14h à 16h30
Dans le cadre de son premier axe "Calcul scientifique", le cluster CPU accueillera Roland BOUFFANAIS (SUTD) qui présentera un exposé intitulé « Design of artificial swarming behaviors ».
Le séminaire aura lieu le Mercredi 9 Juillet 2015, à l'IMB (Salle 1 – IMB, 351 cours de la libération 33400 Talence).
Title: Design of artificial swarming behaviors
Abstract: Complexity science has enabled us to gain insight into the importance of basic rules at the root of many emergent collective behaviors observed in the natural world: insects swarming, birds ?ocking, ?sh schooling, humans crowding. Beyond the beauty of such wonderfully coordinated collective movements, a central feature displayed by those systems is the emergence of swarm intelligence, which allows a group to successfully evolve while contending with uncertain dynamic environments in a way that individuals cannot: e.g. predator avoidance and food hunting.
Designing and controlling e?ective arti?cial swarms made of multiple moving agents—air, surface or underwater vehicles—require an interdisciplinary approach: biomimetic inspiration fromethology, study of social transmission of information, analysis of adaptive signaling network of interaction, elements of networked dynamical systems, etc. In this talk, I will discuss some of these key elements—stressing the profound connection between them—and present some general design principles for swarming behaviors. For instance, distributed information transfer is paramount to the e?ectiveness of collective behaviors. Using network-theoretic considerations, one can design the signaling network to promote a sustained and resilient dynamic order within the swarm. Moreover, information-theoretic considerations can inform us about the limits and possible bottlenecks in information ?ow thereby o?ering guiding principles for the prevention of possible swarming breakdowns. These design principles will be related to ongoing developments within my group of two arti?cial swarms of low-cost land and surface vehicles.